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Crotach aon mear

from Edward Bunting, The Ancient Music of Ireland (Dublin 1840), Page 26: Shakes, etc.

Irish croitheadh aon mhéir spoken by Gráinne Yeats
Scottish Gaelic crathadh aon mheur spoken by Tony Dilworth

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“By first finger, back and forwards, on the same string.”

Simon Chadwick 2008

There is a similar figure in the Rebert ap Huw manuscript of medieval Welsh music, called ‘krychu’ (wrinkle), except that the Welsh tablature indicates it may be done with any of the treble (left hand) fingers or thumb.

Simon Chadwick 2008

Crotach aon mear ('in English characters' Crothachaon mhear) - Shaking

The Gaelic forms here differ, so that it is hard to be sure, but one possibility is croitheadh aon mhéir, 'the shaking of one finger'; for that the word for 'finger', méar, has to be taken as masculine (genitive méir), which is unusual. On p.93 another example is given, headed 'Croth a chaon mhear, or moving the finger backward & forward on the same string.'

Colm Ó Baoill 2002