ceòl mór

notes and references

1. See for example Barnaby Brown's pages at http://triplepipe.net/pibroch.html or a selection of CD recordings available here in the Emporium (piping section).

2. By early clarsach or early Gaelic harp I refer to the historical instrument of sturdy form, strung with metal wire strings, as played in Scotland and Ireland from over 1000 years ago until its extinction in the 19th century. For more information see my article: Simon Chadwick, ‘The Early Irish Harp’. Early Music, vol 36 no.4, November 2008

3. For example in David Johnson, Scottish Fiddle Music of the 18th Century, John Donald, Edinburgh, 1984, or on the 2006 Violin in Scotland abstracts web page from Edinburgh University.

4. Handwritten annotation, thought to be by Edward Bunting, in his copy of his General Collection of the Ancient Music of Ireland (1807), BL Add ms 41508, f25v (music p.6). Thanks to Karen Loomis for showing me this.

5. For more information on Burns March, and its place in the 18th century Gaelic harp curriculum, see Simon Chadwick, Progressive Lessons for Early Gaelic Harp, St Andrews, 2009, p.36-43 & CD tracks 5-7. The manuscript source, transcribed on p.43 of Progressive Lessons, is Bunting ms29 p.30 (f14v) and Bunting ms29 p.31 (f15r), at Queens University Belfast. See also Ann Heymann, A Gaelic Harper's First Tunes, Clairseach Publications, Minneapolis, 1998, p.24-27; and Ann Heymann, Secrets of the Gaelic Harp, Clairseach Publications, Minneapolis, 1988, p.66-9 & cassette side 2 track 3.

6. Simon Chadwick, Progressive Lessons for Early Gaelic Harp, St Andrews, 2009, p.36-7 & CD track 5. The manuscript source, transcribed on p.37 of Progressive Lessons, is Bunting ms29 p.51 (f23r), at Queens University Belfast. See also Ann Heymann, Secrets of the Gaelic Harp, Clairseach Publications, Minneapolis, 1988, p.66.

7. Daniel Dow, Collection of Ancient Scots Music, Edinburgh, 1776, p.26, Thug Bonny Peggie dhamhsa Pog - Bonny Peggie kiss'd me, and Patrick MacDonald, Collection of Highland Vocal Airs, 1784, no. 141.

8. See www.earlygaelicharp.info/Irish_Terms for an online edition of the Irish harp figures published in Edward Bunting, The Ancient Music of Ireland, Dublin 1840. For a comparison of the Welsh and Irish harp figures with pibroch grace notes, see Frans Buisman, ‘A Parallel between Scottish Pibroch and Early Welsh Harp Music’, Hanes Cerddoriaeth Cymru / Welsh Music History Volume 6, Tachwedd/November 2004.

9. 'The Lament for the Bishop of Argyll' is the title of two different but related tunes.
One is from Macfarlane ms and can be heard on Simon Chadwick's CD Clàrsach na Bànrighe, and on Bonnie Rideout's CD Scotland's Fiddle Piobaireachd. There is a facsimile and a diacussion of the tune in Sanger & Kinnaird, Tree of Strings.
The other is from Dow and is played by Violaine Mayor on her CD Strujenn Haleg.

10. Daniel Dow's book is also the source for the Lament for the Earl of Wigton, which can be heard on Ann Heymann's CD Cruit go nÓr and also on Alison Kinnaird's The Silver String. You can hear a fiddle performance of this tune by Bonnie Rideout online at the BBC website.

 

 

© Simon Chadwick 2010 - part of the history of the Gaelic harp, at earlygaelicharp.info